Ponds, streams, hills, stones, trees, flowers, bridges and paths are used to create a miniature reproduction of a natural scenery which is often a famous landscape in China or Japan. The name Tsukiyama refers to the creation of artificial hills.
Tsukiyama gardens vary in size and in the way they are viewed. Smaller gardens are usually enjoyed from a single viewpoint, such as the veranda of a temple, while many larger gardens are best experienced by following a circular scrolling path.
This is one of the oldest and on of the most popular kind of garden found in Japan. The Tsukiyama Gardens are also known as the Hill gardens.
The reason behind this is because of the fact that these gardens will have an artificial hill built on the garden. The main elements or components of the Tsukiyama Gardens are stones, ponds, trees, flowers etc.
These are the basic elements which are present in almost all the Tsukiyama Gardens. These are extremely beautiful gardens and are highly decorative as well.
The gardens are generally replicas of famous landscapes present in Japan or China. The Tsukiyama Gardens are found in various shapes and sizes. The smaller ones are generally viewed from the temple veranda or from a single point. The bigger ones are best viewed by taking a scroll through the designated path in the garden.
The Edo Period in the Japanese history started from the 1603 till 1867. It was in this period of time that the Tsukiyama Gardens became extremely popular in Japan. The Edo period is also known as Tokugawa period.
The turtle and the crane are Japanese and Chinese mythological representations of long life and happiness. They are also represented in Tsukiyama Gardens as one of the most usual types of Tsukiyama Gardens is the tortoise and crane gardens. These typical gardens are found in Daigoji Sanboin Temple in Kyoto. The other places in Kyoto where, Tsukiyama Gardens are found are Tenryuji Temple and Saihoji Temple.
These gardens are an absolute beauty and are maintained properly as well. These are highly decorative. The previous term used for Tsukiyama was Kasan. These gardens are a part and parcel of Japanese life and also reflect their rich tradition and cultural heritage. They also reflect the religious perspective of the Japanese as well.