Japanese government statistics from the 30 years of the Heisei era highlight the country's population getting smaller and greyer, and the rapid spread of the Internet. The Heisei era, which started in 1989, will end on Tuesday with the abdication of Emperor Akihito.
Statistics from the internal affairs ministry show Japan's population has been shrinking since 2011, after peaking at 128 million in 2008. In 2015, the number of people 75 years old and above exceeded that of people 14 years and younger for the first time.
An increasing number of both men and women opted not to marry. The tendency is most conspicuous among women aged between 25 and 29.
The percentage of single women in that age bracket shot up from 40.4 percent in 1990 to 61.3 percent in 2015.
Japanese people's lifestyles have transformed in the Heisei era. The Internet and mobile phones became widespread, meaning higher telecom bills for families. The average monthly expense per household last year was nearly 120 dollars, or more than twice as much as the figure 30 years ago.
The labor participation rate among women has increased. In 2016, the number of women working for railway companies reached 10 percent of the total of that industry. That's 3.4 times what it was in 1991. Railway jobs were traditionally considered men's domain. The percentage of female researchers has grown by 3.9 fold over the past three decades.
Hours that mothers of children under six years of age spent on house chores dropped by about one hour per week, to a little over 4 hours between 1996 and 2016.
Time their husbands spent on house work increased from 18 minutes to 49 minutes in the same period.