Japan's education ministry says men were more likely than women to pass entrance exams at nearly 80 percent of medical schools it surveyed.
The ministry surveyed medical schools at 81 universities following revelations that Tokyo Medical University tampered with entrance exams, such as by reducing scores across the board for female applicants. Interim results of the survey were announced on Tuesday.
None of the universities admitted to discriminating against applicants by gender or age, or giving higher scores to certain exam takers.
But the probability of passing entrance exams was higher for men than women at 63 schools, or 77 percent of those surveyed, according to figures from the past 6 years.
Among successful applicants, the number of males per female was 1.67 at Juntendo University, 1.54 at Showa University and Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, and 1.49 at Nihon University.
Ministry officials stopped short of describing the disparity as a problem, saying various factors decide whether an applicant succeeds. But they pointed out that women are more likely to pass entrance exams in other departments of those universities.
The ministry plans to publicize the final results next month.